Sawahlunto is one of the city which is located in the province of West Sumatra, Indonesia.
The city is known as "Kota Wisata Tambang Berbudaya".
Nature and natural scenery very beutiful, save a lot of the wealth of nature very much.
Sunday, August 16, 2009
Built in 1916 with the name "Ombilin Meinen" that serves as a mining office. And until now, is still used as office PT BA UPO.
Sawahlunto is one among a number of cities located in the Bukit Barisan in West Sumatra, but have a different history with the presence of other cities.
Cities such as Bukit Tinggi, Batusangkar, Payakumbuh, Solok and Padang Panjang form by the Minang community, while business Sawahlunto by mine at the time of the year the Netherlands in 1888, began a settlement Sawahlunto mine workers when money is 5.5 million golden ditanamkan by the Dutch to build the facilities of coal mine Ombilin, Settlement is growing into a small city with a population that is essentially mine officials and workers.
Dutch also built the train system with the cost of 17 million Gulden as a means of transport to bring coal out of Sawahlunto through Padang. The train has been operating since year 1888 but new to the Estuary and kalaban Sawahlunto reached at 1894. the railway transportation is what makes the business of mining back to give a positive result from only tens of thousands of tons to be hundreds of thousands of tons per year, loss of business, which became a big business with profits up to 4.6 million Gulden a year in the year 1920. until the year 1898, the business is still relying on mine workers forced the narapaidana who are forced to work for mine and paid the price cheaper. 1908 wage labor force 18 cents / day and may be subject to legal sanction if the protest whip, wage labor contracts 32 cents / day facility with shelter and health insurance. Meanwhile, labor-free wages 62 cents / day without a facility (Zubir, 1995). With demiklian dapatlah dibayangakan that in the early 20th century, Sawahlunto indeed is a camp for prisoners in forced labor.
When in the year 1918 Sawahlunto classified as Gemeentelijk Ressort or Gemeente within the area of 778 ha, this is because there are related to the peak of success in mining activities. In the year 1930 this region has a 43,576 people, 564 of which the soul is the Dutch (European). However Sawahlunto have not become Stadsgemeente, the city is done by providing stadsgemeenteraad (DPRD) and Burgemeester (Mayor).
Since 1940 until the end of an 70-year coal production ombilin decreases, again only tens of thousands of tons per year. Sawahlunto also suffer a setback from the indicated number of population decline to only 13,561 inhabitants in the census in 1980. With few facilities to add, change management and implementation of new technology, mining business increased again since the early 80's, even the products continue to increase over 1 million tons per year at the end of the year 90's. Sawahlunto population also increased to 15,279 according to 1990 census, however the rate of population growth is only 1.2% pertahun is still below the average rate of growth of the population of West Sumatra reached 1.62% and does not appear to have any correlation with the increase in coal production.
Then on 10 March 1949 held a meeting with the Region. Then on 10 March 1949 held a meeting with the Regional Afdeeling in Solok regency for up Sawahlunto / Sijunjung and Solok regency, the Government Stad Sawahlunto Gemeente in duplicate by Regent Sawahlunto / Sijunjung. In the period 1949 - 1965 changes occurred independently of the status of or under the Government Sawahlunto / Sijunjung. Then with the Law No. 18 in 1965 its status changed to Level II Regional Municipality with a Sawahlunto be under their own command Mayor Akhmad NOERDIN, SH start date of 11 June 1965 with a decree from the Minister of Home Affairs of March 8, 1965 Tax 1965 Tax Up . 15/2/13-227 in sight as the official mayor of the regional head Sawahlunto.
Then the mayor led the city since the first Sawahlunto Standing up to now as follows:
1. ACHMAD Nurdin, SH (1965 Period Position Mayor s / d 1971) 2. Drs. SHAIMOERY, SH (1971 Period Position Mayor s / d 1983) 3. Drs. NURAFLIS SALAM (The Mayor Position 1983 s / d 1988) 4. Drs. H. RAHMATSJAH (The Mayor Position 1988 s / d 1993) 5. Drs. H. SUBARI SUKARDI (The Mayor Position 1993 s / d in 1988 and 1988 Period Position Mayor s / d 2003) 6. Ir. H. AMRAN NUR (The Mayor Position 2003 S / D 2008) and H. Fauzi HASAN (The Position of the Deputy Mayor in 2008 S / D 2013) 7. Ir. H. AMRAN NUR (The Mayor Position 2003 S / D 2008) and H. Erizal RIDWAN, ST (The Position of the Deputy Mayor in 2008 S / D 2013)
1990 Sawahlunto admnistrasi region expanded from only 779 ha 27,344 ha to be a consequence of population increase. Based on the results of a survey among the population census 1995, population 55,090 Sawahlunto a soul. However Sawahlunto itself does not become a larger city. As occurred in the city in general mekarkan. By nature of the Sawahlunto Bentang make some kind of federation of small and rural settlements. Population growth was due to temporary based on 2000 census, the population Sawahlunto showed symptoms of decline. In the 2000 census registered a population of 50,668 people, meaning a five-year decrease was 8%. Among them was due to some employee housing units Pertambangan Ombilin (UPO) moved out of the city area Sawahlunto. In terms of this appears that the coal mining town Sawahlunto Ombiin and indeed there is clear connection.
During the hundred years of coal exploitation has reached about 30 million tons, and the remaining reserves of more than 100 million tons. Nevertheless the future of coal mining Ombilin is not clear, because there is still the backup can only be exploited as a mine in. Eksploitsi can not depend on price and market demand and control of coal technology, besides providing coal mining is also being re-mengalamai by orientsi growing spirit of decentralization. Whatever happened to coal mining Ombilin this, the government and the community is committed to make Sawahlunto Sawahlunto based tourism as a mining town. This is the linkage between governance and mining Ombilin Sawahlunto new city, which still must be developed.
On 1 December 1888 has been set as the Anniversary Sawahlunto City and had diperingati each year that began with the 2005 event along the road eating bajamba Market Adolescent Sawahlunto City.